Friday, January 4, 2013

Amplifier Circuit Diagram Class-A Headphone

400mW RMS into 32 Ohm load, Single-rail Supply - Optional Tilt Control

This design is derived from the Portable Headphone Amplifier featuring an NPN/PNP compound pair emitter follower output stage. An improved output driving capability is gained by making this a push-pull Class-A arrangement. Output power can reach 427mW RMS into a 32 Ohm load at a fixed standing current of 100mA. The single voltage gain stage allows the easy implementation of a shunt-feedback circuitry giving excellent frequency stability.



Tilt control:

The mentioned shunt-feedback configuration also allows the easy addition of frequency dependent networks in order to obtain an useful, unobtrusive, switchable Tilt control (optional). When SW1 is set in the first position a gentle, shelving bass lift and treble cut is obtained. The central position of SW1 allows a flat frequency response, whereas the third position of this switch enables a shelving treble lift and bass cut.





Circuit diagram:



Class-A Headphone Amplifier Circuit



Class-A Headphone Amplifier Circuit Diagram



Parts:

P1 = 22K Dual gang Log Potentiometer (ready for Stereo)

R1 = 15K 1/4W Resistor

R2 = 220K 1/4W Resistor

R3 = 100K 1/2W Trimmer Cermet

R4 = 33K 1/4W Resistor

R5 = 68K 1/4W Resistor

R6 = 50K 1/2W Trimmer Cermet

R7 = 10K 1/4W Resistor

R8 = 47K 1/4W Resistors

R9 = 47K 1/4W Resistors

R10 = 2R2 1/4W Resistors

R11 = 2R2 1/4W Resistors

R12 = 4K7 1/4W Resistor

R13 = 4R7 1/2W Resistor

R14 = 1K2 1/4W Resistor

R15 = 330K 1/4W Resistors (Optional)

R16 = 680K 1/4W Resistor (Optional)

R17 = 220K 1/4W Resistors (Optional)

R18 = 330K 1/4W Resistors (Optional)

R19 = 220K 1/4W Resistors (Optional)

R20 = 22K 1/4W Resistors (Optional)

R21 = 22K 1/4W Resistors (Optional)



C1 = 10µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitors

C2 = 10µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitors

C3 = 10µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitors

C4 = 10µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitors

C5 = 220µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitors

C6 = 100nF 63V Polyester Capacitors

C7 = 220µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitors

C8 = 2200µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitor

C9 = 1nF 63V Polyester Capacitors (Optional)

C10 = 470pF 63V Polystyrene or Ceramic Capacitor (Optional)

C13 = 15nF 63V Polyester Capacitor (Optional)

C11 = 1nF 63V Polyester Capacitors (Optional)

C12 = 1nF 63V Polyester Capacitors (Optional)



D1 = 5mm. or 3mm. LED

D2 = 1N4002 100V 1A Diodes

D3 = 1N4002 100V 1A Diodes



Q1 = BC550C 45V 100mA Low noise High gain NPN Transistors

Q2 = BC550C 45V 100mA Low noise High gain NPN Transistors

Q3 = BC560C 45V 100mA Low noise High gain PNP Transistor

Q4 = BD136 45V 1.5A PNP Transistor

Q5 = BD135 45V 1.5A NPN Transistor



IC1 = 7815 15V 1A Positive voltage regulator IC

T1 = 220V Primary, 15+15V Secondary-5VA Mains transformer



SW1 = 4 poles 3 ways rotary Switch (ready for Stereo)

SW2 = SPST slide or toggle Switch



J1 = RCA audio input socket

J2 = 6mm. or 3mm. Stereo Jack socket

PL1 = Male Mains plug





Notes:



  • Q4, Q5 and IC1 must be fitted with a small U-shaped heatsink.

  • For a Stereo version of this circuit, all parts must be doubled except P1, IC1, R14, D1, D2, D3, C8, T1, SW1, SW2, J2 and PL1.

  • If the Tilt Control is not needed, omit SW1, all resistors from R15 onwards and all capacitors from C9 onwards. Connect the rightmost terminal of R1 to the Base of Q1.

  • Before setting quiescent current rotate the volume control P1 to the minimum, Trimmer R6 to zero resistance and Trimmer R3 to about the middle of its travel.

  • Connect a suitable headphone set or, better, a 33 Ohm 1/2W resistor to the amplifier output.

  • Connect a Multimeter, set to measure about 10Vdc fsd, across the positive end of C5 and the negative ground.

  • Switch on the supply and rotate R3 in order to read about 7.7-7.8V on the Multimeter display.

  • Switch off the supply, disconnect the Multimeter and reconnect it, set to measure at least 200mA fsd, in series to the positive supply of the amplifier.

  • Switch on the supply and rotate R6 slowly until a reading of about 100mA is displayed.

  • Check again the voltage at the positive end of C5 and readjust R3 if necessary.

  • Wait about 15 minutes, watch if the current is varying and readjust if necessary.

  • Those lucky enough to reach an oscilloscope and a 1KHz sine wave generator, can drive the amplifier to the maximum output power and adjust R3 in order to obtain a symmetrical clipping of the sine wave displayed.


 




Technical data:

Output power (1KHz sinewave):



  • 32 Ohm: 427mW RMS

  • 64 Ohm: 262mW RMS

  • 100 Ohm: 176mW RMS

  • 300 Ohm: 64mW RMS

  • 600 Ohm: 35mW RMS

  • 2000 Ohm: 10mW RMS


 




Sensitivity:



  • 140mV input for 1V RMS output into 32 Ohm load (31mW)

  • 500mV input for 3.5V RMS output into 32 Ohm load (380mW)

  • Total harmonic distortion into 32 Ohm load @ 1KHz:

  • 1V RMS 0.005% 3V RMS 0.015% 3.65V RMS (onset of clipping) 0.018%

  • Total harmonic distortion into 32 Ohm load @ 10KHz:

  • 1V RMS 0.02% 3V RMS 0.055% 3.65V RMS (onset of clipping) 0.1%

  • Unconditionally stable on capacitive loads



No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.